Active and Passive voice rules trick | Chart, Exercise, 1000+ Examples, and PDF download|

Active and passive voice rules are the most important and most popular topics for English grammar.

Hello and welcome you all to this Active and Passive voice rules topic. Friends in this topic we are going to know about the rules, example, chart, and exercise of active and passive voice.

Active and Passive voice rules
Active and Passive voice rules

We were also discussing the rule of changing active to passive voice. You can also download the pdf of active and passive voice rules. All rules are in both Hindi and English.

Active and passive voice rules Definition

Active Voice: When a verb form shows that the Subject has been done something, it is known as Active Voice.

Rohan is painting a picture.
Vikash had cleared the IAS exam.

Passive Voice: When a verb form shows that something has been done to the subject, It is known as Passive voice.

A painting is being painted by Rohan.

The IAS exam had been cleared by Vikash.

Translation

Active Voice: जब एक क्रिया रूप से पता चलता है कि Subject  कुछ किया गया है, इसे Active Voice के रूप में जाना जाता है।

रोहन चित्र बना रहा है।

विकास ने आईएएस की परीक्षा पास की थी

Passive Voice: जब एक क्रिया रूप से पता चलता है कि विषय के साथ कुछ किया गया है, इसे Passive Voice के रूप में जाना जाता है

रोहन द्वारा एक पेंटिंग बनाई जा रही है।

विकास द्वारा आईएएस की परीक्षा पास की थी।

Active and passive voice rules

This is the most important part of our section. In this section, we are going to discuss the rules of active and passive voice. Also, know-how can change active voice to passive voice.

First of all change Subject into Object.सबसे पहले सब्जेक्ट को ऑब्जेक्ट में बदलें।
Change Object into Subject.ऑब्जेक्ट को सब्जेक्ट में बदलें।
Always use the Third form of Verb (vIII)हमेशा क्रिया के तीसरे रूप का प्रयोग करें
Use ‘by’ before new object. नई ऑब्जेक्ट से पहले ‘BY’ उपयोग करे|

Now we need to how we can change Subject into Object and Object into Subject. According to the active and passive voice rules, all pronouns can be changed as under.

PronounChange Into
HeHim
SheHer
ItIt
YouYou
IMe
WeUs
TheyThem
WhoBy whom

The Noun cannot be changed in any condition. It is always the same as before.

Active and passive rules for all tenses

In this section, we are going to discuss the active and passive voice rules for all tenses. How we can change all Tenses active voice to passive voice. All rules depend upon the tense.

Active and Passive voice rules,
Active and Passive voice rules

Active and Passive voice rules for Present Indefinite Tense

Here we have some active and passive rules for present Indefinite Tense.

Types of SentencesActive VoicePassive Voice Main Verb- V3 Helping Verb- is, am, are
Do/ Does
Use of Helping verb
SimpleSubject + V1 + s/es + ObjectNew subject + Is /am /are + V3 + by + New ObjectIs- He, She, It and Singular Noun
NegativeSubject + do/ does+ not + V1 + ObjectN. Subject + is/ am/ are + not + V3 + by +  N Subject‘Not’ is always placed at 3ed Place.
InterrogativeDo/ does + Subject + V1 + ObjectIs/ am/ are + N. Subject + V3 + by + N. Object   
Interrogative NegativeDo/ Does + Subject + not + V1 + ObjectIs/ am/ are + N. subject + V3 + by + N. Object   
Examples: –

Active voice:        Geeta writes a Noble.
Passive Voice:      A Noble is written by Geeta
Active voice:        He plays football.
Passive Voice:      Football is played by him.
Active voice:        Sonu does not read Science.
Passive Voice:      Science is not read by Sonu.
Active voice:        They do not meet the manager.
Passive Voice:      The manager is not meat by them.
Active voice:        Does he cook the food?
Passive Voice:      Is the food cooked by him?
Active voice:        Do you learn English?
Passive Voice:      Is English learned by you?
Active voice:        Do you not play the music?
Passive Voice:      Is the music not played by you?
Active voice:        Does Radha not clear the IAS exams?
Passive Voice:      Are the IAS exams not cleared by Radha?
Active voice:        Does he not teach me?
Passive Voice:      Am I not taught by him?
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Active and Passive voice rules in Hindi

Active and Passive voice rules trick | Chart, Exercise, 1000+ Examples, and PDF download|

Active and passive voice rules are the most important and most popular topics for English grammar. Hello and welcome you all to this Active and Passive voice rules topic. Friends in this topic we are going to know about the rules, example, chart, and exercise of active and passive voice.

1 / 10

Will she have snubbed me?

2 / 10

Why will she not pay the fine?

3 / 10

The teacher had called the rolls.

4 / 10

They were not writing letters.

5 / 10

She has not solved the sums.

6 / 10

Who is playing Hockey?

7 / 10

He teaches us Science.

8 / 10

Never tell a lie.

9 / 10

It is time to repay the loan.

10 / 10

You should not waste your time.

Your score is

The average score is 46%

0%

Active and Passive voice rules for Present Continuous Tense

Here we have some active and passive voice rules for present Continuous Tense.

Types of SentencesActive VoicePassive Voice
Main Verb– V3
Helping Verb– Is/ am/ are
Use of Helping verb
SimpleSubject + is/ am/ are + V1 + ing + ObjectNew subject + is/ am/ are + being + V3 + by + New ObjectIs– He, She, It and Singular Noun
Are– You, We, They
Am– I
NegativeSubject + is/ am/ are + not + V1 +ing + ObjectN. Subject + is/ am/ are + not + being + V3 + by +  N Subject‘Not’ is always placed at 3ed Place.
InterrogativeIs/ am/ are + Subject + V1 + ing  + Object is/ am/ are + N. Subject + being + V3 + by + N. Object   
Interrogative NegativeIs/ am/ are + Subject + not + V1 + ing  + Object is/ am/ are + N. subject + not + being + V3 + by + N. Object   

Active and Passive Voice Example with Answers of Present Continuous Tense

Examples: –

Active voice:        He is playing hockey.

Passive Voice:      Hockey is being played by him.

Active voice:        Ram is driving a car.

Passive Voice:      A car is being driven by Ram.

Active voice:        You are not solving the sums.

Passive Voice:      The sums are not being solved by you.

Active voice:        I am not running a race.

Passive Voice:      A race is not being run by me.

Active voice:        Is he teaching me?

Passive Voice:      Am I being taught by him?

Active voice:        Whom are you abusing?

Passive Voice:      Who is being abused by you?

Active voice:        Why are you telling lies?

Passive Voice:      Why are lies being told by you?

Active voice:        Why are they disturbing her?

Passive Voice:      Why is she being disturbed by them?

Active voice:        Is she not helping you?

Passive Voice:      Are you not being helped by her?

Active and Passive voice rules for Present Perfect Tense

Here we have some active and passive voice rules for present Perfect Tense.

Types of SentencesActive VoicePassive Voice Main Verb- V3 Helping Verb- Has/ have + beenUse of Helping verb
SimpleSubject + has/ have + V3 + ObjectNew subject + Has/ have + been + V3 + by + New ObjectHas– He, She, It and Singular Noun
Have– You, I, We, They
NegativeSubject + has/ have + not + V3 + ObjectN. Subject+ Has/ have +not + been +V3 + by +  N Subject‘Not’ is always placed at 3ed Place.
InterrogativeHas/ have + Subject + V3 + ObjectHas/ have + N. Subject + been + V3 + by + N. Object   
Interrogative NegativeHas/ have + Subject + not + V3 + ObjectHas/ have + N. subject + been + V3 + by + N. Object   

Active and Passive Voice rules Example with Answers of Present Perfect Tense

Examples: –

Active voice:        They have delivered the food.

Passive Voice:      The food has been delivered by them.

Active voice:        Roshani has read Holy Books.

Passive Voice:      Holy books have been read by Roshani.

Active voice:        You have not completed your project.

Passive Voice:      Your project has not been completed by you.

Active voice:        He has not stolen my purse.

Passive Voice:      My purse has not been stolen by him.

Active voice:        Has Sharda policed her shoes?

Passive Voice:      Her shoes have not been policed by Sharda?

Active and Passive voice rules for Past Indefinite Tense

Here we have some active and passive voice rules for Past Indefinite Tense.

Types of SentencesActive VoicePassive Voice Main Verb- V3 Helping – DidUse of Helping verb
SimpleSubject + V2 + ObjectNew subject + was/ were + V3 + by + New ObjectWas– He, She, It, I, etc
Were– You, They, Them
NegativeSubject + did + not + V1 + ObjectN. Subject+ was/ were +not + +V3 + by +  N Subject‘Not’ is always placed at 3ed Place.
InterrogativeDid + Subject + V1 + ObjectWas/ were + N. Subject + V3 + by + N. Object   
Interrogative NegativeDid + Subject + not + V1 + ObjectWas/ were + N. subject + V3 + by + N. Object   

Active and Passive Voice Example with Answers of Past Indefinite Tense

Examples: – Some important examples of active and passive voice rules. All of these examples are important for the exam.

Active voice:        Edison invented the first gramophone.

Passive Voice:      The first gramophone was invented by Edison.

Active voice:        I took tea yesterday.

Passive Voice:      Teas was taken by me yesterday.

Active voice:        We did not sing songs.

Passive Voice:      Songs were not sung by us.

Active voice:        He did not steal my purse.

Passive Voice:      My purse was not stolen by him.

Active voice:        Did Sharda police her shoes?

Passive Voice:      Were her shoes policed by Sharda?

Active voice:        Who crushed the old lady?

Passive Voice:      By whom was the old lady crushed?

Active voice:        Did you tell lies?

Passive Voice:      Were you told lies?

Active voice:        Did they disturb her?

Passive Voice:      Was she disturbed by them?

Active voice:        Did she not help you?

Passive Voice:      Were you not helped by her?

Active and Passive voice rules for Past Continuous Tense

Here we have some active and passive voice rules for present Continuous Tense.

Types of SentencesActive VoicePassive Voice
Main Verb– V3
Helping VerbWas/ were
Use of Helping verb
SimpleSubject + Was/ were + V1 + ing + ObjectNew subject + Was/ were + being + V3 + by + New Object WasHe, She, It, I, etc
Were
You, They, hem
NegativeSubject + Was/ were + not + V1 +ing + ObjectN. Subject + Was/ were + not + being + V3 + by +  N Subject‘Not’ is always placed at 3ed Place.
Interrogative Was/ were + Subject + V1 + ing  + Object Was/ were + N. Subject + being + V3 + by + N. Object   
Interrogative Negative Was/ were + Subject + not + V1 + ing  + Object Was/ were + N. subject + not + being + V3 + by + N. Object   

Active voice:        The cat was drinking milk.

Passive Voice:      Milk was being drunk by the cat..

Active voice:        He was taking food yesterday.

Passive Voice:      Food was being taken by him yesterday.

Active voice:        We were not singing songs.

Passive Voice:      Songs were not being sung by us.

Active voice:        She was not washing my Cloths.

Passive Voice:      My Cloths were not being washed by her.

Active voice:        Was She insulting her brother?

Passive Voice:      Was her brother being insulted by her?

Active voice:        What was Pawan doing?

Passive Voice:      What was being done by Pawan?

Active voice:        Whom were you scolding?

Passive Voice:      Who was being scolded by you?

Active voice:        Were they disturbing her?

Passive Voice:      Was she being disturbed by them?

Active voice:        Was she not helping the poor?

Passive Voice:      Was the poor not being helped by her?

Active and Passive voice rules for Past Perfect Tense

Here we have some active and passive voice rules for past Perfect Tense.

Types of SentencesActive VoicePassive Voice Main Verb- V3
Helping Verb- Had + been
Use of Helping verb
SimpleSubject + had + V3 + ObjectNew subject + had + been + V3 + by + New Object
NegativeSubject + had + not + V3 + ObjectN. Subject+ had +not + been +V3 + by +  N Subject‘Not’ is always placed at 3ed Place.
Interrogative Had + Subject + V3 + Object Had + N. Subject + been + V3 + by + N. Object   
Interrogative NegativeHad + Subject + not + V3 + Object Had + N. subject + been + V3 + by + N. Object   

Active and Passive Voice rules Example with Answers of Past Perfect Tense

Examples: –

Active voice:        They had delivered the food.

Passive Voice:      The food had been delivered by them.

Active voice:        Principal had read English Books.

Passive Voice:      English books had been read by Principal.

Active voice:        You had not cooked the food.

Passive Voice:      Food had not been cooked by you.

Active voice:        He had not stolen my purse.

Passive Voice:      My purse had not been stolen by him.

Active voice:        Had Neetu policed her shoes?

Passive Voice:      had Her shoes not been policed by Neetu?

Active and Passive voice rules for Future Indefinite Tense

Here we have some active and passive voice rules for Future Indefinite Tense.

Types of SentencesActive VoicePassive Voice Main Verb- V3 Helping – Shall/ WillUse of Helping verb
SimpleSubject + shall/ will + V1 + ObjectNew subject + shall/ will + be + V3 + by + New ObjectWill– He, She, It, etc
Shall- I, We
NegativeSubject + shall/ will + not + V1 + ObjectN. Subject+ shall/ will +not + be +V3 + by +  N Subject‘Not’ is always placed at 3ed Place.
InterrogativeShall/ will + Subject + V1 + ObjectShall/ will + N. Subject + V3 + by + N. Object   
Interrogative NegativeShall/ will + Subject + not + V1 + ObjectShall/ will + N. subject + V3 + by + N. Object   

Active and Passive Voice Example with Answers of Future Indefinite Tense

Examples: – Some important examples of active and passive voice rules. All of these examples are important for the exam.

Active voice:        I shall write many letters.

Passive Voice:      Many letters will be written by me.

Active voice:        She will do a lot of work.

Passive Voice:      A lot of work will be done by her.

Active voice:       You will attain the science quiz.

Passive Voice:    The science quiz will be attained by you.

Active voice:        Manmohan Singh will not elect minister.

Passive Voice:      Minister will not be elected by Monmohan Singh

Active voice:       Will Ram not prepare GK Quiz?

Passive Voice:      GK quiz will not be prepared by Ram?

Active voice:        Who will not play Football?

Passive Voice:      By whom will football not be played?

Active voice:       Will you tell lies?

Passive Voice:      Will you be told lies?

Active and Passive voice rules for Future Perfect Tense

Here we have some active and passive voice rules for Future Perfect Tense.

Types of SentencesActive VoicePassive Voice Main Verb- V3
Helping Verb- Will/ shall
Have + been
Use of Helping verb
SimpleSubject + Will/ shall + have + V3 + ObjectSubject + Will/ shall + have + been + V3 + Object
NegativeSubject + Will/ shall + not + have + V3 + ObjectSubject + Will/ shall + not + have + been + V3 + Object ‘Not’ is always placed at 3ed Place.
InterrogativeWill/ shall + Subject + have + V3 + ObjectWill/ shall + Subject + have + been + V3 + Object  
Interrogative NegativeWill/ shall + Subject + not + have + V3 + Object Will/ shall + Subject + not + have + been + V3 + Object  

Active and Passive Voice rules Example with Answers of Future Perfect Tense

Examples: –

Active voice:        She will have cooked the meal.

Passive Voice:      The meal have been cooked by her.

Active voice:        They will have considered the matter.

Passive Voice:      English books had been read by Principal.

Active voice:        The matter will have been considered by them.

Active voice:        Shall I not scolded him?

Passive Voice:      Will he not have been scolded by me?

Active voice:        Who will have robbed you?

Passive Voice:     By whom will you have been robbed?

Active and passive voice rules for Imperative Sentences

There are some active and passive rules for imperative sentences. Which is most important for the competition exams.

  • The active to passive voice formula is Let + New object + be/ not be + V3.
  • Request, Education, and Order sentences can be changed by using You are requested to/ advised to/ ordered to.
  • Please and kindly like words removed from the sentences. read more
Active voicePassive voice
Close the window.Let the window be closed.
Do not oppress the poor.Let the poor not be oppressed.
Open the Door.Let the door be opened.

Download active and passive voice rules Chart

Here we have a chart of active and passive voice rules. In this chart there are all active and passive voice rules in picture form. This chart makes active and passive voice rules understandable.

Click here to download Chart

active and passive voice rules chart pdf
active and passive voice rules chart pdf

What is the rules of active and passive voice?

Ans. 1. First of all change subject.
2. Use Third form of Verb (vIII).  हमेशा क्रिया के तीसरे रूप का प्रयोग करें
3. Use ‘by’ before new object.  नई ऑब्जेक्ट से पहले ‘BY’ उपयोग करे|

What is passive voice formula?

Ans. Passive voice formula is Sub + is/ am/ are + v3 + Object.

How many tenses are used in passive voice?

Ans. There are only 08 tenses are used in active and passive voice. Read more.

Which tenses are not used in Passive voice?

Ans. 1. Present Perfect Continuous tense.
2. Past perfect continuous tense.
3. Future continuous tense.
4. Future perfect continuous tense.

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